The History of Pearl Jewelry: From Ancient Times to Today


Pearls are considered one of the most precious and rare gems in history. They have been valued since ancient times and have been used in jewelry to enhance beauty and convey social status. The history of pearl jewelry is a rich and fascinating story that spans centuries and cultures. In this article, we will explore the history of pearl jewelry from ancient times to today.

Pearls in Ancient Times:

Pearls were discovered and used in jewelry thousands of years ago. In fact, pearls were considered the most valuable gems in ancient times. The earliest records of pearl jewelry date back to ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, and India. The ancient Egyptians believed that pearls were tears of the gods, and as such, were symbols of purity, wisdom, and prosperity.

In ancient times, pearls were primarily found in the Persian Gulf, the Red Sea, and the Indian Ocean. To obtain pearls, divers would plunge into the sea and harvest them from oysters. Due to their rarity and difficulty in obtaining them, pearls were reserved for royalty and the wealthy.

Pearls in Classical Times:

Pearls continued to be highly valued in classical times. The Greeks believed that pearls were formed from the tears of Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty. They also believed that pearls had magical powers that could protect against evil.

The Romans, too, had a deep appreciation for pearls. Julius Caesar is said to have presented his mistress, Cleopatra, with a magnificent pearl worth the equivalent of 7.5 million dollars today. The Romans often used pearls in their jewelry, and pearl ropes were a popular trend among the wealthy.

Pearls in the Middle Ages:

During the Middle Ages, pearls were often relied upon to convey social status. They were worn by kings, queens, and other members of the nobility. In fact, pearls were so highly prized that laws were enacted to restrict their usage to the nobility.

During this time, pearls were harvested primarily from the waters around the British Isles. In addition to their use in jewelry, pearls were also used for medicinal purposes. They were believed to have healing properties and were used as a cure for various ailments.

Pearls in the Renaissance:

The Renaissance was a time of great art, culture, and wealth in Europe. During this time, pearls were highly prized and worn by royalty, aristocrats, and wealthy merchants. The fashion of wearing pearls became so popular that it eventually spread to the middle class as well.

As the demand for pearls increased, so did the supply. Pearl beds were discovered in the waters of the Americas, allowing for more pearls to be harvested than ever before. With the increase in supply, pearls became more affordable, and their use in jewelry became more widespread.

Pearls in the 18th and 19th Centuries:

During the 18th and 19th centuries, pearls continued to be highly prized. However, their use became more refined and elegant. The grand, showy jewelry of the Renaissance gave way to a more delicate and intricate style.

During this time, the French were the masters of pearl jewelry. The use of pearls in jewelry was heavily influenced by the rococo and neoclassical styles that were prevalent in France. Popular pieces of pearl jewelry during this time included tiaras, necklaces, and earrings.

Pearls in the 20th Century:

In the 20th century, pearls became more accessible to the general public. Cultured pearls were perfected, and their availability increased as a result. Pearl jewelry became more affordable and was worn by women of all social classes.

As women entered the workforce and became more independent, the styles of pearl jewelry changed as well. Women began to wear simpler, more practical pieces of jewelry that could be worn to work or dressed up for special events.

Today, pearls continue to be a popular gemstone in jewelry. While their luxurious connotations still hold, their versatility means that pearl jewelry is now widely available in a range of styles at many different price points.


The history of pearl jewelry is a long and fascinating story that spans centuries and cultures. From ancient times to today, people have admired and prized pearls for their beauty and rarity. While the styles of pearl jewelry have changed over time, the value placed on pearls has remained constant. Today, pearls continue to be a popular and elegant gemstone that is beloved by many.

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